SCI-TECH

Need for Electric Vehicles in today’s world

Written by Sharvari

In today’s world, thanks to the development of technology at a very fast pace, industries are experiencing stellar growth. Transportation is one of the industries which is accepting these changes in technology to grow at a non-linear pace.

In accepting the changes brought forth by the new inventions in digitalization, we admit that the current vehicles, which use petroleum as its fuel, are causing a good deal of problems to not only the atmosphere (as these vehicles release toxins in the atmosphere, causing problems like automobile-related pollution and greenhouse gas emissions leading to global warming) but also to crude oil (due to less availability of crude oil, the prices of crude oil have increased).

To counter these problems, we can carpool and take public transport, but these are said to be the temporary solutions to the massive problem.

The permanent solution, according to me, is to start using Electric Vehicles (EVs) instead of the petroleum-based vehicles. 

BUT WHY?

There are tons of reasons as to why electric vehicles. A battery electric vehicle (BEV) has far fewer moving parts than a conventional gasoline-powered vehicle. There’s no need for liquid fuels or oil changes. There’s no transmission or timing belt to fail when you least expect it. In fact, most of the maintenance costs associated with an internal combustion engine are eliminated.

Even if your vehicle was to be fueled exclusively by electricity generated by coal, EVs have a better emissions profile than internal combustion vehicles. Not only is the overall emissions content lower, but the location and timing of the emissions are better. While a gasoline-powered vehicle emits pollution during peak driving hours in the middle of the city, the emissions from fuelling an EV generally happen during off-peak driving hours at power plants in remote locations.

EVs are sophisticated and diversified, with many price and style options, but all with the reliability and power of traditional, gasoline-powered vehicles. A compact and quiet motor yields surprising acceleration: 100% torque at zero rpm, without the negative emissions associated with most cars on the road.

You also must be wondering, this is okay but how much will this cost? More than my petroleum-fuelled car? Or more than my house?

The answer is that you don’t need to worry. The overall cost of EV ownership is actually lower than gasoline-powered cars. Consider fuel costs: say you drive 15,000 miles a year and average 25 miles per gallon, with gasoline at $3.50 a gallon. That comes out to $2,100 a year in fuel costs to operate your vehicle.

Those same miles in an EV that gets 3.5 miles per kWh would utilize less than 4,300 kWh, and at the price of 11 cents per kWh would cost less than $475 a year. Not to mention the savings on maintenance costs; oil changes, replacing belts, and transmission repairs quickly add up. There are also federal tax credits of up to $7,500 and additional tax credits in a number of states for most EV models. That provides significant savings on the initial purchase price of a new EV.

But EVs provide more than just individual benefits. EVs can help the United States have a greater diversity of fuel choices available for transportation. The U.S. used nearly nine billion barrels of petroleum last year, two-thirds of which went towards transportation. Our reliance on petroleum makes us vulnerable to price spikes and supply disruptions. EVs help reduces this threat because almost all U.S. electricity is produced from domestic sources, including coal, nuclear, natural gas, and renewable sources. 

Lastly, incorporating electric vehicles in the system is among the most practical and approachable solutions towards a sustainable mode of transportation and of living because, as we all say, it is about our future and if we don’t do anything right now, it will be too late.

    

About the author

Sharvari

Just a shy introvert who is a big MCU and Big Bang Theory fan. Also a book worm

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