he Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are public institutes set up for higher education in India. With 23 institutes established around the country, IITs are considered to be the best set of colleges for pursuing engineering in India. These Institutes started functioning post-independence under the Nehru government with an aim to increase the standard of higher education in Modern India.
It is a well-known fact that the degree from an IIT is the most valuable tag an engineer could aim for in India. The reason behind it could be addressed in two ways. Logically arguing, this set of colleges has the brightest minds that are selected by the toughest set of exams (Joint Entrance Examination), thus raising the bar to a level which no other college can imagine reaching.
The JEE is another whole sphere of problems which affect many students but is still not addressed. The pre JEE drama is that point in an engineer-aspirant’s life when the student is subjected to an extreme amount of societal pressure that primarily stems from a warped view of what engineering is, which also explains why engineers are known to have little clue about the kind of work their branch actually demands, and a perception of education purely as a pathway to attain money rather than knowledge.
Another reason is the nature of these institutes. Being found and funded by the government, these institutes offer a platform for families which believe that government institutes provide a security of education and outweigh other institutes in the engineering market too. The academic opportunities an IITian receives both inside and outside the college is exclusively available only in these institutes. To sum it up, on a national level, these institutions excel in all aspects of engineering including research and job opportunities for undergraduate programs.
So where do these institutions stand on an International level and what’s their contribution? The best of the country comes after 150+ colleges in an International level. The reason varies from research scope to student-faculty ratio. Furthermore, India’s technological development is minimal when compared to the west, where silicon valley is filled with IITians.
Our country produces and exports bright minds, scientifically, more than any other country. There is a huge gap between the production and the usage of the same. There is a lack of value for the bright minds in India. This streams down in two ways. Either the students decide to pursue a career which has a value in this country (thus accounting to the extravagant cases of IIT plus IIM) or choose to move out of the country where their undergraduate degree has better value which in turn flourishes the foreign market. This recursive cycle accounts for the lack of development of India in scientific and technological fields.